August 1914: Val di Fassa, by that time part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire just like the test of Trentino-Alto Adige, began to experience one of the most tragic moments of its history that has definitely marked not only the land but the culture and the everyday life as well. Starting from the following year, in fact, Val di Fassa became theatre of fightings and battles between the Austro-Hungarian Army and the Royal Italian Army, both gathering their troops along the border in the Marmolada area (the White War), along the Costabella ridge (the Alpinistic War) and in Cima Bocche (the War of the Infantry).
Mountains that turned out to be lines of a front where, in some areas, the two armies were separated only by a few metres. Here the trenches dug into the rocks or the ground, the remains of the barracks and huts and the war relics collected and exposed in the local museums by historians and collectors testify that human tragic experience.
Some war sites, such as the historic routes of the San Pellegrino area, can be visited and are constantly cared by the members of the historic association "Sul Fronte dei Ricordi" while other ones are now under restoration but can be visited anyway. But other sites such as the legendary "City of Ice" built inside the Marmolada Glacier have been cancelled by the action of nature that has hidden these memories in the ice to preserve these moments of everyday life and human heroism forever.
The map "The paths of the First World War", AGAINST PAYMENT (reduction for the Val di Fassa Guest Card holders), is available from June 20th at the valley’s tourist offices.