The majestic aspect of the mountains, the splendid hues given by the sun’s rays at sunrise and sunset on Dolomite rock, the historical events and natural and weather phenomenon that have not been attributed a scientific explanation over the centuries were transformed, in the past, into legends by local people. Therefore woods, crests, ridges and valleys in Fassa have been brought to life by; vivenes, beautiful and kind female creatures who lived on mountains and by courses of water, bregostènes, ugly and spiteful female beings, stries, evil and wicked women, salvans, two-faced wild men, morchies, dwarves and many more. Stories sent down through the generations and told on long winter nights spent in the warmth of the stua (the room where the family assembled during the day), told to children by women above all, who had a fundamental role in keeping the Ladin language (only oral for centuries) and the local culture alive. In past centuries also in Fassa women were under the guardianship first of their father then either their husband or brother and they did not have any rights in public life. In private, however, they were the mainstay of the family. It is not by chance that Ladin legends are often centred around female protagonists.
Not just stories about single characters, but also authentic epics such as the one about Fanes (semi-legendary Dolomite population), that sees part of a trilogy set in Val di Fassa, celebrated for a few years at Festa ta Mont at the beginning of August in Val San Nicolò, near Pozza. Mountains and villages are always at the forefront. Since the legends are born and developed in precise places. Marmolada, Sass Pordoi, Sassolungo and Catinaccio are magic places. "Rosengarten", in particular, has given life to numerous tales so much so that in the last few years a summer path has been created for children and families "Do l troi de la contìes" (On the path of legends): pleasant walk in six stages, and six stories, where, the adventures of kings, princesses, witches and shepherds can be experienced exactly where, in the past, they took shape.
Today there is a vast array of literature on the Ladin legends of Val di Fassa, even though Hugo de Rossi and Karl Felix Wolf, the first to have gathered and told these stories in books, remain the best loved authors. De Rossi (1875-1940) in 1912, after having carried out research on local stories told by the elderly, then published them in "Fairy tales and legends of Val di Fassa". The famous Wolf (1879-1966) author of "The Pale Mountains" drew from his work.